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Cities / Birgunj
Birgunj is a sub-metropolitan municipality and border town in Parsa
District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. It lies 190 km west of
the capital Kathmandu, 2 km north of the border of the Indian state of
Bihar. As an entry point to Nepal from Patna and Calcutta it is also
known as the gateway to Nepal. The town has significant economic
importance for Nepal as a large part of goods enter Nepal through
Birgunj via Raxaul on the Indian side.
According to the 2001 census of Nepal it has a population of 112,484, there are several languages spoken in the town including Bhojpuri, Nepali, Maithili, Newari, Marwari and Hindi. It is the biggest city in Narayani Zone and is a headquarter of Parsa District.
Birgunj is a major business centre of Nepal, especially for trade with India. Important industries are sugar refinery, cigarette manufacture and fish-breeding.
Birgunj is served by a station on a branch of Indian Railways which extends to Amlekhganj (Nepal).
Tribhuvan University, Thakur Ram Multiple Campus is is the oldest institution in the Terai. The Golden Jubilee of this campus was celebrated in 2003. It has one institute Science and Technology and three faculties Arts, Commerce and Education in one campus.